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A Deeper Look at Nanowire-based Diagnostic Devices

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U.S.-China Trade Deficit Impacted by Record Scrap Exports

Raleigh Metal Recycling and its sister company Goldsboro Metal Recycling have completed their year-end financial review. In 2013 they exported a record $9 million of scrap metal to China, making these North Carolina companies among the largest exporters to China in the State, using both Wilmington, North Carolina and Norfolk, Virginia ports.

“With China being a global base of electronics manufacturing and exporting products such as Apple’s iPad and Google’s Android phones, we can say with certainty that portions of the copper and aluminum in Chinese products shipped to the U.S. are coming from recycling companies here in North Carolina and from throughout the U.S.,” said Greg Brown, CEO of Raleigh Metal Recycling.

Related, last year President Obama and Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping met at the White House to discuss the trade imbalance. Nationally, recycling companies exported $9.5 billion of all scrap commodities to China in 2012, as published in the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries’, ISRI Scrap Yearbook 2013.

Brown continued; “With the U.S. Department of Commerce stating the trade deficit with China hit a new high of over $318 billion in 2013, scrap metal and other scrap commodities are part of the solution to a balanced trade economy.” Additionally, Hillary Clinton in a speech at the national ISRI meeting, April 10, 2014, highlighted the doubling of exports as an Obama administration target, to help create high wage jobs.

The scrap recycling industry is one of the largest U.S. employers, supporting directly and indirectly 463,000 jobs, including 15,200+ jobs in North Carolina, with a statewide economic impact of $2.4 billion, as calculated in a 2013 John Dunham and Associates study.

“As the largest metal recycling companies in Raleigh and Goldsboro, we are helping grow the local economy by creating good paying jobs with Healthcare, 401K, etc.,” continued Brown. “It is great to know that our teams are part of helping reduce the trade deficit,” concluded Brown.

Raleigh Metal Recycling and Goldsboro Metal Recycling are major Wake and Wayne County Recycling Centers, buying scrap metal, cardboard, batteries, electronics and computers. The Raleigh center has been named the fourth fastest growing company in the Triangle, by Triangle Business Journal after an analysis by Price, Waterhouse and Coopers (PwC).

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Samsung Galaxy S5 Carries Astronomical BOM

The latest member of Samsung’s wildly popular line of Galaxy smartphones ups the ante on features, and on cost, with the S5’s discrete-intensive design yielding a high bill of materials (BOM).

The Samsung Galaxy S5 with 32 Gigabytes of NAND flash memory carries a BOM of $251.52, according to a preliminary estimate by the Teardown Mobile Handsets Intelligence Service at IHS Technology. The cost rises to $256.52 when the $5.00 manufacturing cost is added.

This is more expensive than other high-end smartphones, such as the 32GByte iPhone 5S, which carried a $207.00 BOM based on an IHS pricing estimate in September. The S5’s BOM contrasts even more starkly with smartphones at the lowest end of the cost spectrum, such as two Android devices, the ZTE U793 and K-Touch T619+, which have BOMs of less than $35, according to recent IHS teardowns.

“The high cost of the S5 is becoming more typical of Samsung’s flagship Galaxy line,” said Andrew Rassweiler, senior director, cost benchmarking services for IHS. “In the last year, IHS has torn down four Galaxy devices with BOMs ranging from $237.00 to $280.00.“

“The S5 exemplifies a conservative evolutionary design approach,” Rassweiler said. “There are no revolutions or giant steps forward in this design. There’s a lot of similarity and commonality between the S5 and other recent Samsung smartphones IHS has torn down, such as the Galaxy Round and the Note III. However, there are many small changes throughout the design.”

”The table attached presents the preliminary BOM and manufacturing cost estimate of the Samsung Galaxy S5 smartphone. Note that this teardown assessment is preliminary in nature, accounts only for hardware and manufacturing costs, and does not include other expenses such as software, licensing, royalties or additional expenditures.

A Multiplicity of Minor Mods

Modified component selections in the S5 include the Qualcomm Inc. WTR1625 radio frequency (RF) transceiver. Previous multiple Galaxy products included the WTR1605L instead. This part switch may have been spurred by specific carrier and network requirements. The S5 also includes a new version of the NXP near-field communication (NFC) controller that’s different from the NXP PN5441, PN547, and PN65N devices found in other Samsung teardowns.

Furthermore, the S5 uses the ES704 noise suppression device from Audience Semiconductor, as opposed to eS305B and eS325 seen in several other recent Samsung devices. Moreover, the latest Galaxy smartphone employs the PMC8974 power management chip from Qualcomm. This is a chip that IHS has never seen in an electronic design, and seems to integrate two or more power-management ICs from Qualcomm that previously were separate.

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